1.A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem).
- The change in …largely results from the fact that…
- We may blame …，but the real causes are…
4.Another contributing factor (cause ) is …
1.The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.
2.For all the disadvantages， it has its compensating advantages.
3.A and B has several points in common.
- People used to think …， but things are different now.
1．There is a grain of truth in these statements， but they ignore a more important fact.
2．Some people say …， but it does not hold water.
3．It makes no sense to argue for …
4．Too much stress placed on … may lead to …
- It may give rise to a host of problems.
- The immediate result it produces is …
- It will exercise a profound influence upon…
- Its consequence can be so great that…
1．A good case in point is …
2．Such examples might be given easily.
1．No one can deny the fact that …
2．Recent studies indicate that …
3．There is sufficient evidence to show that …
1．Many nations have been faced with the problem of …
2．Never in our history has the idea that … been so popular.
3．Faced with …， quite a few people argue that …
4．According to a recent survey， …
5．With the rapid development of ……
- From what has been discussed above， we can draw the conclusion that …
- It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop …
- With the efforts of all parts concerned， the problem will be solved thoroughly.
1.to begin with， then， furthermore， finally(强烈推荐)
2.to start with， next， in addition， finally(强烈推荐)
3.first and foremost， besides， last but not least(强烈推荐)
4.most important of all， moreover， finally
5.on the one hand， on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)
6.for one thing， for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
then， therefore， consequently， accordingly， hence， as a result， for this reason， so that微信公众号：小十点儿，获取更多考研，四六级，专升本资源请关注我们
1.individuals，characters， folks 替换(people ，persons)
2.positive， favorable， rosy (美好的)promising (有希望的)，perfect， pleasurable ， excellent，
outstanding， superior 替换 good
3.dreadful， unfavorable， poor， adverse， ill (有害的)替换 bad 。 如果 bad 做表语，可以有 be less
impressive 替换。 Eg.An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games， enjoying romance
with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation ，as a result， they
find their academic records are less impressive
4.(an army of， an ocean of， a sea of， a multitude of ，a host of， many， if not most)替换 many. 注：
用 many， if not most 一定要小心，many 后一定要有词。
Eg. Many individuals， if not most，
harbor the idea that….同理 用 most， if not all ，替换 most.
- a slice of， quiet a few ， several 替换 some
6.harbor the idea that， take the attitude that， hold the view that， it is widely shared that， it is universally
acknowledged that)替换 think (因为是书面语，所以要加 that)
7.affair ，business ，matter 替换 thing
- shared 替换 common
9.reap huge fruits 替换 get many benefits )
10.for my part ，from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion
11.Increasing(ly)，growing 替换 more and more( 注意没有 growingly 这种形式。所以当修 饰名词时用
increasing/growing.修饰形容词，副词用 increasingly.) Eg.sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is
increasingly popular with the advancement of sth.
12.little if anything， 或 little or nothing 替换 hardly
13.beneficial， rewarding 替换 helpful
14.shopper，client，consumer，purchaser， 替换 customer
15.exceedingly，extremely， intensely 替换 very
16.hardly necessary， hardly inevitable …… 替换 unnecessary， avoidable
17.sth appeals to sb， sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换 sb take interest in / sb. be interested in
18.capture one’s attention 替换 attract one’s attention.
19.facet，demension，sphere 替换 aspect
20.be indiicative of ，be suggestive of ，be fearful of 替换 indicate， suggest ，fear
21.give rise to， lead to， result in， trigger 替换 cause.
- There are several reasons behind sth 替换..reasons for sth
23.desire 替换 want.
24.pour attention into 替换 pay attention to
25.bear in mind that 替换 remember
- enjoy， possess 替换 have(注意 process 是过程的意思)
- interaction 替换 communication
28.frown on sth 替换 be against ， disagree with sth
29.to name only a few， as an example 替换 for example， for instance
- next to / virtually impossible 替换 nearly / almost impossible
- believe， claim， maintain， argue， insist， hold the opinion/ belief that 替换 think